AP World Post #1

Research among hunter-gatherer peoples suggests that they work less hard, enjoy more free time and are generally happier, healthier adn better-adjusted than the evidence would suggest concerning early agricultural peoples.

Given this fact, why might hunter-gatherer peoples have begun to settle down into the mundune, laborious existence of village farmers?

Be specific with your answer.  This post will close on August 13 at 5:00 PM.

82 thoughts on “AP World Post #1

  1. I believe that the hunter gatherers would eventually settle into village farmers because they would’ve found that hunting is much more work and you have to do it almost everyday. You also have to farm almost everyday but it is easier because you’re not running around trying to get food and you have the help of animals. Farming is also guaranteed food unlike chasing an animal for food.

    • I agree because if they are not running around all day, they have more energy, also they do not need to carry the food all the way back to their people, instead they just need to carry it to their storage area.

    • I agree with your claim that it would be better to settle down more. It’s much more efficient and more beneficial to stay in one spot than scatter and hunt animals or forage grains and berries.

    • I agree with your claim because I believe it would be more efficient to settle down. Hunting every day would be difficult, restless, and risky. By settling down it would make for a much easier life.

  2. Hunter-gatherer peoples would be begin to settle down because they realized, if they did it right, they could have an infinite amount of food, all while staying in one spot. But, staying in one spot and farming would help population growth, which leads to specialized jobs, which expands to newer areas of work such as pottery. They can also still hunt while staying in one spot.

    • I thought this was a great statement. By saying that your saying they could literally advance everything in their civilization.

  3. One problem with hunting and gathering is that it was not particularly safe, if the animal population got sparse, they had little food supplies and could not accumulate large stores because of their constant migration. Also, this lifestyle could not support growing populations, as there was not enough edible wildlife and vegetation to go around.

    • I agree that the hunter-gatherers might hunt out the entire area which isn’t reliable and they would have to move to a new area which is why they can’t make a civilization.

    • I agree with that statement because hunting for your next meal all the time must be tiring even though the hunter and gatherers each worked like 2.5 hours a day. There is more insurance of eating with growing your own crops

  4. When it comes down to being a hunter and gatherer, many of the times they would often have to leave their shelter once or twice a day in order to find food. Which wouldn’t be as reliable as farming villages because agriculture can ensure food everyday once properly grown. Where as hunter and gatherers would have to scour a long distance just in order to feed themselves for that day or even maybe a few days. Therefore, if they have learned that putting just a little bit more effort into farming than they did hunting, they would’ve figured out that it’s a lot more of a yield than searching for food. Which would of persuaded them to switch their ways immediately after knowing this.

    • I never thought of it that way. The fact that they had to leave shelter and the thought o having to leave even in hazardous weather just to find shelter is appalling.

  5. Hunting/Gathering people might have settled down into this because the lifestyle, while requiring more effort, is more sustainable to growing populations. Farming can produce a larger amount of food and therefore can feed a larger amount of people. Although it takes much more to sustain this type of lifestyle, it provides better opportunities for the community such as jobs, something that wouldn’t be able to be obtained hunting/gathering societies because their focus is predominantly on hunting and gathering game.

    • I agree with your statement because with the growing population there are more people to feed, so it would be beneficial to have a more reliable food source. I also agree that settling down into an agricultural environment provided better opportunities.

    • I agree with your statement because all thought hunter gatherers could find some food, growing your own ensure that there is something there where as looking for food isn’t reliable in that some days you might find something and others you may not.

  6. Hunter-gatherer people might have settled down to village farming, because hunting/gathering probably effected them negatively physically due to having much more movement involved. Where as village farmers may have had a lot of active work, however it would be much more effective for food production, and a more manageable lifestyle.

    • I agree with you that farming is a way more effective form of food simply because there can be days where you just cant find any animals to hunt and therefore have no food for your village.

    • I agree, with this more manageable lifestyle they created they could do other things like trade with other agricultural societies and they could expand their land and wage warfare

  7. Hunter-gatherer peoples may have begun a transition toward a more settled lifestyle due to more predicable food source and pressure from other groups dependent on agriculture. When hunting or searching for animals and prey you might not always come across game to hunt and while foraging for wild fruits or foods you again might not come across many or you might exhaust your source. With farming you gain access to a steady source of food along with meeting and forming of larger communities. These communities were generally better off ,though perhaps not as happy as hunter-gatherers, could spend less time actually obtaining food and more time dedicated to arts, crafts, the sciences. These communities also developed technologies or gathered them quicker from trade as well as domestically and thus were able to work more efficiently.

    • Great insight about hunter and gatherers. Never thought about the idea of creating larger communities while also foraging for food.

    • I also never thought about population size. With more people in a community, it could result in more people to create and develop new things, and help with safety and how fast things in the community get done (ex. having more farmers)

  8. Hunters and gathers might have begun to settle down because it had started to become unsafe and wanted to be in a safer environment. Also, there probably started to be less and less animals to hunt, causing them to settle down.

  9. Hunter/gatherers might have begun settling when so many society’s formed that there was nowhere for the hunters to move to that still had animals. Large crop fields are ideal for this lifestyle.

  10. I think the hunters and gatherers decided to begin adjusting to the agricultural ways of life and settling down because despite the fact that it was more laborious, the amount of food being provided overall was greater than the amount of food being retrieved when they hunted and gathered. Furthermore, it was likely that all the hunting and promoting scarcity in food supply. The supply of animals to hunt down was running low which may have caused the hunters and gatherers to consider this new method of getting food. Also, settling down and being able to stay in one area is probably more appealing than having to move around all the time.

  11. Hunter-gatherer people would eventually settle into agriculture because they would be able to exert more energy to developing new technologies and creating new innovative solutions along with farming a constant food source. When it comes to hunting and gathering they have to constantly be looking for their next meal, whereas in agriculture they have a more reliable food supply of crops. Settling down also gives the advantages of developing into a civilization with bureaucracies, writing, economic surplus, and urban centers. They would have the opportunity to create new technologies and tools that make daily tasks easier, which would go on to impact the history of early civilizations.

    • I agree because with the settling down the hunters and gatherers were able to better themselves in ways they didn’t realize because they were too busy chasing their next meal.

  12. Hunter/gatherers would begin to settle and start to farm because it is an easier lifestyle. When you are using the Hunter/Gatherer method, you are constantly looking for food almost everyday. Which means you are constantly working as well as moving from area to area due to weather or lack of food sources. When you start to farm, you still have to put in a good amount of effort to keep your crops alive but you do less work compared to hunting almost everyday. Farming also gives you a larger food source and more time to focus on expanding and doing more specialized jobs.

    • I agree that transforming towards a more agricultural lifestyle would be much easier. It would also be more beneficial with the greater yield of crops than hunting and gathering animals and grains.

  13. Hunter and Gatherer people began to settle down because they realized that farming could give you most of the food you needed unlike hunting and gathering where you have to constantly go out to get food and may sometimes come back empty handed. Farming also gave more food and was less work.

  14. Hunter/ gatherers have had to settle because their work of going out and finding food might of not shown as promising results that agriculture was giving. Agriculture is more sustained because the harvest is in one area and the results are more accurate and calculable.

  15. Hunters and gatherers could possibly have settled down because it was more beneficial to the growing populations and needs. Farming was able to provide them with more food for longer periods of time. It also allowed them to get jobs, which would be difficult to keep in the hunting and gathering lifestyle because their primary focus was on getting food.

  16. Hunter and gatherers definitely settled down and became farmers because it was a more reliable food source. With farming you can have a consistent income of food, but with hunting and gathering you honestly don’t know when you’ll get food

    • I agree with this because hunting is never guaranteed. Some days an entire tribe could end up without food. However, with agriculture, there is a steady supply of crops at the cost of hard work and less excitement.

    • I agree with you because farming is consistent and more permanent, whereas hunting/gathering relies solely on nature.

  17. The hunters and gatherers might have settled down due to having an increased amount of food, with less time working. Also, it opened up more spare time, to allow for job specialization. Finally they might have settled down, so that they do not need to keep on moving around, to follow the food

  18. The cause for stopping roaming varies from place to place according to the environment lived. One of the key factors for this change is when they found some cattle and other animals which could be raised and used for his food and daily living purposes, they started to make shelters both for themselves and for the animals in grass fields where plenty of food and water for the animals was abundantly available. They also began harvesting grain and other things which then they found it more convenient to lead sedentary life rather than roaming and hunting for the food in the woods.

  19. The hunters and gatherers might have settled down because hunting was very inefficient, and it was only able to feed a very small amount of people. Settling down would have allowed the hunter/gatherers to build a more stable and protective village. Despite the fact that agriculture is much more work and not nearly exciting, it gets rid of the chance that you might not have a good hunt, and end up starving for days on end.

    • I agree. Hunters and gatherers were able to tell that farming would be much better for their societies because of the efficiency of farming compared to hunting. Without farming people wouldn’t have been able to create great civilizations and become what we are today.

    • I agree, with being able to feed more people you could grow your civilization and develope as a society and that could lead to some inventions for making the farming easier

  20. Hunters and gathererers settled down to have a more reliable food source. When they hunt, they can’t be in the same area where they hunt for a couple of days because they exhaust the food source in that area. Growing food and domesticating animals in one place is a lot easier than moving from one place to another. There also was a disease spreading and the agricultural settlements had better survival rates than the hunting and gathering. When Agricultural settlements produce food, most of time they have surpluses unlike hunters and gatherers. Hunterers and gatherers have to hunt and gather everytime they need to get food and sometimes it’s not enough.

    • Your point about the disease spreading and of course resistance built to it was a point that many forgot to mention. I agree with the other points you made as well.

  21. Hunters and gather had to settle at on point traveling place to place doesn’t give a guarantee there is food for them. They first began farming and crops were domesticated. Since then crops have transformed.

  22. I believe that the hunter and gatherer societies would have eventually settled down because their source of eating and surviving was dependent solely on animals. If a decrease of animals were to occur they would not be able to eat and survive. So they eventually needed to be able to find a way to make their own food and not have to depend so heavily on just animals.

    • I agree with this because if i were a hunter, i would be tired from constantly hunting and killing animals for food. I would much rather relax and be a farmer to grow my own food and rely on animals for help instead of food.

  23. Hunter-gatherers would have settled down into the life of farmers because they realized that farming was a much more stable and reliable way to live than hunting and gathering even if it took more time and effore. With hunting and gathering, there was no guarantee that they would eat every day and some seasons the animals and berries would be much more scarce, making life more difficult. But with farming, food and also a year-round home was guaranteed all the time. They could also grow their population and have more specialized jobs in farming communities.

  24. Hunter and gatherers may have started to farm because they realized it was a much more reliable way to live. Compared to hunting and gathering farming was a much better way of life because it would almost guarantee food and it also gave societies opportunities to create civilizations since they would stay in one spot for a long period of time. Even though farming took a lot of effort and hard work the hunters and gatherers were able to tell that it was a much better option than hunting and gathering.

  25. Hunters and gathers would have began to settle down because due to agriculture, they realized that they could just stay in one stop all year long and not have to worry about food supplies running low. From there they could also start expanding their village and begin to build more structures, increase their population and begin to specialize in certain areas such as craftmanship or blacksmith.

    • I agree with Matt that it would be a lot easier to grow population if you settled down in one spot and did not move around.

  26. I believe that hunter and gathers eventually settled into villages so they could get more into trade. If they started to farm they would have more of a surplus to trade more with other villages.

    • I agree with your comment because trading was a way of adapting new styles of life. This allowed civilizations to acquire things they do not have.

  27. Hunters and gatherers started to use agriculture because it was a more sustainable way to get food. If farming is done with the proper techniques in the right locations, they could have an infinite amount of food. As a result, the civilization could become more advanced as there are more people. With hunting and gathering, all the resources in one location can be quickly exhausted, leading to that tribe to have to change locations. Even if farming requires more work, the results of it have more benefits.

  28. Hunter-Gatherers might have settled down into agricultural settlements not only because it was an easier way of receiving food, the hunter-gatherers didn’t risk the safety of their group by going out and hunting for the already scarce amounts of game.

  29. I think that hunter and gatherers started to settle more into certain villages that contained farming depending on what each village had up for trade and because of the farming. They would have to move around a lot less because even if farming took a lot of work it was still much more of a stable as well as reliable food source, instead of having the hunter and gatherers going out and about searching for animals or crops on the daily just to survive. And as when it came to having a shelter, farming and trading in a village would be perfect because both things would secure the hunter and gatherers a shelter for at least a whole year.

  30. I beleive that hunters and gathers would have settled into farmers because it gave a more consistent and stable source of food. Farming also had more of a guarantee that people wouldn’t go hungry because even if the crop wasn’t good they would still have something to eat. Unlike with hunting and gathering were if berries and animals were scarce then that would make life even more difficult

  31. When you’re a farmer you can just plant your crops and harvest when ready. When you’re a hunter-gatherer you have to go out and hunt/gather for 2.5 hours without even knowing if you’ll find something. Being a farmer seems much more stable in terms of surviving. Hunting may provide better protein and nutrition but farming produces large amounts of food at one time.

  32. Hunters/gatherers settled down into the mundune, laborious existence of village farmers because this lifestyle is a way more permanent settlement which allows for much more time to discover and invent. It also allows for social classification and job specializaion among citizens which provides a more efficient society.

  33. Hunter-gatherers decided to settle down into a small farm village because it is easier to have everyone in a conjoined space and to feed more people. A hunter has to search for their prey and then kill it but a farmer, although spends longer on his job, can feed a village unlike a hunter. It is more beneficial to spend longer to feed more.

  34. Hunting and gathering people might’ve started to settle down because they wanted to settle. An maybe if they settled and do it right they don’t have to go out and hunt and move from place to place. Being a farmer they could stay in one place have food of their own they grow and doesn’t go away and also have domesticated animals. Their population of more people that settle will grow and the hunter and gathers would have a bigger community too.

  35. I believe that Hunter and Gathers settle down because they had started have advancements
    In agriculture making them settle down and wait for crops , they also started to advance tools to make hunting more easier

  36. Since farming was more permanent and allowed for people to settle down. Since hunter and gathers were always on the move, they could never settle down and make permenant homes. However with them being able to make their own they could settle down and not always be on the move.

  37. Hunter gatherers may have adjusted better to daily life because of the labor they previously put in while hunting and gathering their food. They would have gotten used to hard work and labor. They also could have gained resistance to certain diseases that animals had.

  38. I think that hunter-gatherers settled down and started agricultural societies because it was safer and appeared to be easier. The food supply was also more consistent and there was not as much of a worry about not having enough food.

  39. I believe that hunters/gatherers became village farmers because the hunter had to turn to smaller game because the end of the ice age made big game start to retreat. Since this was no long a reliable food source they turned to farming since it was easy because of their access to fertile land and abundant grains.

  40. I feel that people would have died be this in order to have a more reliable source of food while hunting you may comeback with nothing but with an agriculture based food income you will have a constant amount

  41. I believe they began to settle down into village farmers so that they could build more trade with other civilizations and so that they could have their own food to grow and eat.

    • I agree with this statement because when hunting and gathering you don’t really have a choice of what you get. What you have to find is what you take home, whereas growing crops you get to pick what you plant and than eat what you grow

  42. I think they began to settle down because with farming the food was right by you and very available, if they were hunting they would have to do it everyday and maybe for hours till they catch something. In addition, they could actually gain something and make money from this. By settling down they could expand their population and have more time available to them.

  43. Settling down became popular among civilizations when they realized agriculture was much more efficient than hunting and gathering. Staying in one place also gave civilizations the ability to invest in more permanent and costly upgrades such as sturdy houses and water wells since they would be used in future generations.

  44. Hunting and Gathering was originally a decent method of survival. Once agricultural arose, this method of Hunting and Gathering became less efficient and therefor inferior to farming. While Hunters and Gatherers struggled with resources including food, agricultural societies basically had an abundance of this. In the long run Hunters and Gatherers would of realize they could gain much more opportunity by becoming apart of an Agricultural Society.

  45. I think people turned to village life because growing crops would expand trade more with other people. They wanted to separate people into different jobs so that everyone is spread out and getting more done. You have people making pottery, people tending the crops, watching the animals, etc. It brings everyone together as a union.

  46. I believe that hunter-gatherers were going to become agrarian societies because they would get tired of the strenuous labors they performed daily and wouldn’t be able to reproduce and grow as a whole. The hunter-gatherers used stone tools for hunting and gathering and would eventually have to upgrade in order to be more successful.

  47. Hunter gaterers might begin to settle down into towns becasue they would discoveer that unlike hunting and gathering, farming close to home and setling requires less energy and time and provides resources specfic to what is wanted vs just what they find. As well as having more resources, staying in one place makes making trades, stronger housing, and buildings easier.

  48. Hunter gatherers moved down to more laborious areas because even though it is more work down there, they know that it would be much harder to hunt animals since animals are living creatures and will move wherever they want but with farming, they can farm as they please wherever they like so they won’t have to move as much.

  49. When hunters and gatherers settled down for a more reliable food source they would hunt. But they couldn’t hunt in the same places because they would have to find different sources of food in different places. When they settled down they settled down in a small village so that everyone was near each other and not so far away.

  50. I believe that Hunter gatherers settled down and farmed because the animals they hunted weren’t always going to be there so they needed a larger supply of food so they made cities and farmed that allowed for other things like trade and architecture

  51. I believe that hunters and gathers settled down on farms because you were able to grow crops. As long as you took care of your crops there would be good to eat. And for the times there wasn’t crops you had to hunt for food.

  52. I believe that people who hunted and gathered began to settle down because it occurred to them how easier farming was. Farmers remained working in one spot while people who hunted and gathered were faced with disappointed of not catching any prey at all. That is a problem that farmers are not faced with because their crops were always growing. People who hunted and gathered were faced with traveling long distances just for a small animal. Both groups were also placed on the same social level so it would have been easier to be a farmer.

  53. I think hunter gatherers may have settled down because it was an easier job than to have to constantly relocate because of the animals. Also, farming can produce way more food for the people rather than hunting and gathering. They’d be better off and now that there were a set of farmers, everyone else could branch out and become specialized workers. Hunter and gatherers could never settle down and build a village due to them always having to move around.

  54. Domesticated crops have been transformed almost beyond recognition in comparison with their wild relatives – a change that happened during the early stages of farming in the Stone Age.

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