AP World Post #4

What factors might have explained the differences between the societies of Mesoamerica, South America and India and China?  The time period is 600 to 1450 C.E.  Be sure to include specific groups when answering.

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89 thoughts on “AP World Post #4

  1. Most obvious is location. Because South America was across the world and culture extension wasn’t possible at the time with no transportation to assist conversion to religion, language, etc. the civilizations could only build from their own ideals and ability. So it’s no wonder their architecture, religion, and philosophy was different. The Aztecs built their empire upon the belief that this place ” Tenochtitlan” was the foundation of heaven. Eastern civilizations built there empires in a place with fertile ground and plenty of livestock.

    • I agree the location is definitely the main pointe in which civilizations become diversified due to their adaptation to the environment and interactions with other societies

    • I agree that the most impactful factor was the location of the society. I also agree that they built their civilizations on beliefs that changed the development of their political, architectural, and cultural systems. The agriculture also impacted the differences in societies.

    • It makes sense that while the cultures of India and China affected and changed each other, Mesoamerica was far more isolated and essentially developed with little influence from any other cultures. Proximity to other civilizations plays a huge role in advancements.

      • I agree. The american civilizations were extremely isolated and only experienced a small amount of long distance trade. This is directly in contrast to the asian societies such as in India and China as they had broad trade networks and were open to several cultural influences

    • I agree. The location of these civilizations were certainly impacted by the geography of which they resided. From the available crops to the weather, their cultures thrived based on their locations.

    • i completely agree with your response. location is a huge factor for socities. they have to live off of certain necessities. such as china having to live off of rice and other foods. also the same goes with the aztecs using their way of irrigation.

    • Location is an excellent factor as it separates these societies in culture and beliefs. It lets them evolve and advance in there own paths without interference from the other

    • Location is an excellent factor as it separates these societies in culture and beliefs. It lets them evolve and advance in there own paths without interference from the other

  2. During the Postclassical era all of these civilizations were very unique in culture, beliefs, politics, etc. Factors leading to these differences were the way these civil actions were spread out. Inca and Aztec civil action was relatively close and shared many similar characteristics in culture such as farming advancements, human sacrifice, and religious belief. Same can be said for India with China. Yet both sets of civilizations are very different from the other and is obviously caused by separation. The distant between all of these civilizations caused their culture to evolve in their own way and created many differences that made them unique to each other.

    • This is true the distance between the cultures were a factor that caused different developments among several of the most powerful societies in history due to contact or lack there of

  3. Factors that can separate these societies are geographical and political due to natural borders some civilizations developed with little invasions which caused them to grow stronger yet with less technological growth due to fewer trade in the case with China and others like mesoamerica couldn’t have a truly stronger rule due to the constant flow of invasive armies and changing of dominant governments

    • I agree with the fact that power will vary in mesoamerica because constant power shifts with new empires. And how an ultimate rule wasn’t possible in China.

  4. One factor is geographical location, because the American civilizations, Maya Inca and Aztec, were across the Atlantic they could not share technologies with the rest of the world, meaning that they would have to invent their own technologies, and could not trade them with other regions. Another is the landscape. the Incas were on mountains, so they did not have a wide open area to farm, leading to different farming techniques, just like the Aztecs with their city on a lake. Finally, there was the animals available. Since the American civilizations had no strong draft animals, they had to rely on a lot of llamas, or on manpower, due to the lack of horses, donkeys, mules, and camels.

    • I as well acknowledge that their geographical location is a main factor in creating differences between the two societies. And most definitely that there were differences between the two in the ways of their farming. Especially since the Incas lived in a more rough and mountainous terrain, therefore, they had to utilize their resources more so than the Chinese or Indian civilizations.

      • You are corcet becauae he location effect most of the empires longavity as well tech advancement, event hough they were isloted they were able to create a self sufficent empire so they didnt need trad

    • I agree with your points as the Aztecs and Incas could not learn from other discoveries that were made by other civilizations due to their isolation from the rest of the world. I also agree that the landscape is much different in these two separate parts of the world as they had to have different farming techniques.

  5. I agree how the American civilizations were limited to what they had and couldn’t get the best technology because of their location. But, can’t the Aztecs farm what they want, because they have a city on water?

  6. The prime factor that explained the differences between the societies was the geological location. It provided limitations on what they could produce agriculturally. Based on where the civilization was built it could also effect the political power, such as central government for one large area, and more bureaucracies for a spread out civilization. For example, China relied on mainly central government. Another factor was the belief system that originated there, some of the beliefs came from previous societies and built on it, which led to a wide variety of religion throughout the myriad of societies.

    • I agree with you that the location controlled many factors of life including what type of food they could grow and what types of animals could live on the land.

    • I agree with you about how the geological location. Each society revolves around agriculture and a form of government.

    • I agree that the geological location was one of the main reasons why the two civilizations were different. The Aztecs and the Incas were not as advanced as the Indian civilizations or the dynasties in China. The Incas did not have a form of writing but the Chinese dynasties did. The Incas used quipus to keep records of their society.

    • I agree with you. Their differences in location had a lot to do with the ways they grew as separate societies.

    • It is interesting that you included the political system and its location as another factor leading to differing developments. I do also agree that it was the location of the civilizations that lead to differing development of the societies in mesoamerica.

  7. A few key factors that could explain why there might be differences between the societies of Mesoamerica and South America to the societies in India and China are their geography and government. In India and China majority of the agriculture performed by the classical dynasties were based by large natural rivers for fertile farmland. Whereas the civilizations of Mesoamerica and South America performed their agriculture mainly based by lakes and minor rivers. The government also played a key role in the difference between the two societies because each government had different regulations about trade and expansion. For example the Dynasties of classical India and China traded very often on the Silk Roads with other civilizations. Whereas the civilizations of Mesoamerica and South America only traded with other small tribes, eliminating the chances of creating a vast trade route,

    • I agree with you that the type of government a society had was another reason why the were different.

    • I agree that the political rule was a major difference in the societies. But I think that the development of that government was based on geological location and previous societies. The political rule differed greatly because different types of government were needed in different locations.

    • I agree. I think the biggest reason to why the societies of Mesoamerica and South America were different to the societies of India and China was their geography. Since societies like the Incas and Aztecs were so far away from other empires in India and China they had no other influences that would affect their technology and culture.

    • I agree with your point, because there is no way for technology to be shared with no forms of communication existing between the two regions.

  8. The location of Mesoamerica and South America is a main contributor to its differences from the societies of China and India. Because the societies of Mesoamerica and South America didn’t have contact with other civilizations except the ones near them they didn’t have access to certain technology for example the wheel.

  9. Location is the biggest factor in the differences between the civilizations. Each area had different resources available to them, and different needs that had to be met. In parts of South America, large mountain ranges also played a part in hindering the spread of ideas and limiting advancements. Climates and weather patterns (like shifting rivers and flooding lakes) in some parts of the world also demanded that more time and resources be devoted to surviving, like the monsoons in India.

  10. The biggest factor that caused so many differences between these societies was location. Since civilizations like the Aztecs were across the world from other civilizations in India and China they couldn’t share technology and religion with other cultures in those areas. Because of this civilizations in south America and Mesoamerica became extremely different to societies in India and China.

  11. One of the main reasons why all these societies where different is because of where they were located around the world. For example classical India was very different than the Aztecs. They did not have the same access to technology making them different.

    • Classical India seemed to have a higher access to technology then the Aztecs based on the fact that they had the wheel while the Aztecs did not. India was also in close proximity to other civilizations that it could gain and share ideas with.

  12. A pivotal reason that the main societies from 600-1450 A.D were different is because of physical location. These locations have terrains that could support or reject different crops, and some societies are forced to create new technology to cope with the terrain. Also, distance from other civilizations plays a role. Societies such as China and India will be more developed than South America because they can learn from each other and copy their technology, whereas South America has no one to learn from and will take longer to find a solution to their problems.

    • I agree that crops cannot thrive or die in certain counties. Also they adapted to the terrain they had to live with the land and some societies were cut off from the outside world and not receiving new technology.

    • I agree that location is the main reason that these societies were so different. The American civilizations were so far away from each other and had minimal trade opportunities while the civilizations in Asia were much closer and the Silk Road provided much better trade opportunities. I also agree with your point that South America has less people to learn from as they had no access to other civilizations and the discoveries that they have made and their advancements in technology.

  13. The main diffrenece is trade and commerce, while asia, china and the rest of socirties had routed trade network with their neigborig countirs as well as countires around the world, The Incans and Azteces had little to no commerce at all and only traded with themselves. The factor that might have cause this was location and south america was isolated from africa and europe due to the ship not being able to transport to there and back.Thr incans and azteces were succeful but not techinly avanced because of their access to material give by the land

    • I agree that commerce is a big contributor to the differences in the societies. If you think of the Aztecs they are less developed than other societies because they are cut off from the outside world. But, somewhere like China thrives because they have trade routes all around them and get new items and technology.

  14. A main reason that the societies in 600-1450 A.D. were different is because of their location in the world. Some locations protected them from attacks with natural barriers and some were exposed. Another thing is some crops don’t thrive in specific areas or do not grow there in general. Lastly they might be cut off from society which means they don’t have contact with the modern world including trading to get new items and technology.

  15. There were a multitude of factors that led to these differences, but the major ones were the fact the the America’s faced great isolation and the technology. The Aztecs and the Incas never really encountered outside life until the Europeans came, they also had very minimal trade for such large empires. While the America’s were isolated, the Asian countries had huge trade networks such as the Silk Road tgat allowed for a huge melting pot of cultures.

    • I agree. A large reason the Aztecs and Incas were so different from other empires at the time was because they had no other ideas except for their own to improve/change their technology and cultures.

    • I agree with your statement regarding the isolation causing technological differneces upon different civilaztions, which is yet another reason why civilizations differ from one another.

  16. I believe it was mostly due to isolation that the america’s were different to anywhere else. evidence to this is that everywhere near Asia and England developed and functioned similarly and everything in North/South America functioned nearly the same. They never contacted each other because neither side had big enough or fast enough ships. they also didn’t think it was worth it because to each side, the other didn’t even exist for a very long time.

  17. The main reason as to why the Mesoamerican, South American, Indian, and Chinese societies are/were so different are their locations. Location is, of course, likely the most impactful factor…this being because certain crops would not grow in certain areas. Different crops lead to different techniques and lifestyles, different cultures.

  18. There were multiple reasons that the societies of Mesoamerica and South America differed from India and China during 600-1450 CE. The main reasons were their differences in location, crops, animals, trade and isolation from other civilizations. The societies of Mesoamerica and South America were on the opposite side of the globe from the societies of India and China. The Inca and Aztecs were very far apart from each other and did not have trade access with other tribes, while the societies in Asia and India could trade throughout Asia, Europe, and Africa. These Asian societies had more access to learning and education from other civilizations while the Aztecs and Incas only had themselves and their beliefs. The people in India and China had animals that could carry items quickly while there were very few options in Mesoamerica and South America. Both regions had different crops and the people of Asia had much more advanced technology than the people of the Americas.

  19. Mesoamerican civilizations developed differently from those in europe or asia due to their proximity. The civilizations in europe and asia were all connected to one another especially through trade with one another allowing ideas to be spread. However since Mesoamerican civilizations were a world away they lacked this trade and spread of ideas between civilizations of the time.

    • Well Michael, I as well agree that the major difference between the two societies were their connections to other civilizations. This is because when one civilization is connected to other civilizations they can help each other’s economy thrive. Thus, propelling their society further along than those who chose to stay isolated.

  20. Mesoamerica, South America, India, and China have many factor that make them differnt from one another. Like the way that they are located in differnt areas, affect the type of crop they grow and how they grow them. As in Mesoamerica the groups, like the Incas and Mexicas, found there had limited contact with other place. They still had some contact as they were able to trade.

  21. different socities have different ways of living because of location, language and religion. location affects the way a society because such as the Aztecs having to use different ways of irrigation to get the most out of the seasons. religion affects socities because its what you believe in, so everyone has some different ways of living. but the most powerful impact is location.

  22. The reason the Mesoamerican societies differed so much from the societies of China, India and Europe is because the European and Asian societies were closely linked to each other and easily could ponder influence from each others cultures. they often engaged in trade and communication between the empires and states and therefore could borrow influence from those societies in order to expand and stabilized their own. On the flip side however, because the Mesoamerican and South American societies were divided by the oceans and had no way communicating with their contential counterparts they were isolated and therefore had to build their influence and culture from scratch without the help from other societies to do so.

    • I agree with trade helping the Asian culture with communication and influence, the networks really helped them exchange things and get more things from it than just stick to things they only know.

  23. The main two differences between Mesoamerica, South America, India, and China were the governments and their locations. For example China was used to more of a centralized government, while India had a Parliamentary government. And when it came to the location differences between Mesoaamerica and South America was that South America had much more pieces of land that consisted of river valleys while mesoamerica was mostly dry with some river valleys.

    • I agree with you that political and geographical were the main differences between these societies. I like how you said the types of governments each society had when explaining why they were different politically.

    • I agree with you that along with locational positioning, another main reason for diversity among civilizations were their political and government structure.

  24. The Main difference between the two are their ways of government. Mesopotamia was ruled by kings each controlling a single city. In China they had a well centralized government ruled by different dynasties as time goes on. Another thing that differed between the two was communication, in China they had trade networks which helped in commerce and in Mesopotamia they were mostly isolated and kept to themselves and what they knew.

  25. The main differences of Mesoamerica, South America, India and China were of course location, but also their cultural traits, some foods, and the titles of the social class system.

  26. Well the difference between Mesoamerica and China is that Mesoamerica was ruled by different kings which ruled different cities in the area. Well this was going on China, was being ruled by different dynasties. Some differences between South America, Mesoamerica, China and India was that they had different traits in foods and their ways of cultural events. They all also had different courses of location. One last thing was they each all had their own different types of social class systems.

    • These are some good statements but I disagree I think they had similar social class systems. For example Islamic Empire and European social was built around Catholism. Both of these examples as theocracy.

    • I disagree because the American civilizations also had dynasties from their groups of clans. Both civilizations had a similar form of social class but had different variations of it.

    • I disagree, they did seem to have similar types of class systems; the leaders and rulers were at the top and follows their descendants and the “royal family”. At the bottom you have artisans and the working peoples and merchants.

    • I disagree i actually think they had very similer social classes, both had serf like or peasent classes and a noble class. Along with the knights in both societies that were apart of the classes

  27. The people in South America along with Mesoamerican people are different than the people of India and China. The location of these different civilizations played a big role in why the cavillations are different. The Aztec people found their land by wandering along the land until they spotted an eagle perched on a cactus holding a serpent in its mouth. The Indian civilizations based their land and settling in the area on how it could protect them and help them with agriculture.

  28. One key difference is location or geographical dispersity. Each civilization had their own unique environment and with each different environment, came differnet animals, crops and other materials such as pottery or silk that was more common in certain civilizations. For example, the Aztec were situated on a lake, in which they harvested different crops compared to India and China who had a completely different landscape and climate.

  29. One factor is geographical location, because the American civilizations, Maya Inca and Aztec, were across the Atlantic . Unlike in Asia and the Chinese civilizations, their location limited the communication they had and were limited in their trading. In addition, they were limited in making their own technology. For example, the Incas did not develop or have a written language or writing, they had the system of quipu.
    Furthermore is landscape. the Incas were on mountainous regions, so they did not have a proper area to farm,they had to improvise and develop their own style in accordance to what could grow in those conditions. The aztecs also had to build a city on the lake, their aquatic beds to live.

    • I agree that the main factor was location. These civilizations were on the other side of the globe and didn’t know much about the people across from them.

  30. What factors might have explained the differences between the societies of Mesoamerica, South America and India and China? The time period is 600 to 1450 C.E. Be sure to include specific groups when answering.

    The differences between societies in Mesoamerica, South America and India and china would include the government. In mesoamerica they were surrounded by the form of hierarchical government, by which different kings ruled their own city. That is different because in India and Chine they had a more decentralized government (feudalism).

  31. One example of the diffrence between the Americas and India and China was the location they were in. This lead to different social aspects like the pottery art and architecure. And the food they grew were diffrent due to the surrounding agriculture. Also their goverment diffred

    • I also thought that the locations of these regions was a big factor to the many differences in each society.

    • I agree with what you said, and believe location to be a big factor. I believe another big factor to be the lack of communication between the Americas, and the rest of the world.

  32. The differences in these regions most likely has to due with the distances between them. The Aztecs stayed in one place for most of the time and didn’t explore around them a lot. The Incas dominated most of the South American region and also stayed in their one area. India is on the other side of the globe from both the Mesoamerica and South America region. Therefore it isn’t likely that they would have a source of communication nor would they even know of each other. China, like India, was also across the world from the Aztecs and Incas as well as other groups in that region. China and India had different politics and religions, so they couldn’t be very similar. Other reasons for having many differences would also be a lack of transportation and communication.

    • I agree with its proximity. Proximity causes a lot of reasons for most things to be similar and different.

    • I also thought that distance between the civilizations had a major change in the development because a different environment means they will develop differently from others since they have to adapt to their own environment.

  33. The main factor in the differences was probably how far apart the America’s was from India. The Toltec and Aztecs would have had no communication with the other side of the world because they had no way of getting over there. They did not explore outside of their territory very much so they really didn’t know anything about other tribe or civilization. The Aztecs were not people who took a Lot from other cultures. The Incas ruled South America and didn’t communicate with other civilizations and would have no way in knowing about the civilizations in India.

  34. One of the differences between these two societies is location. The location of each of these civilizations are important factors of how they developed. The Aztecs and the Incas had many similarities in culture and religious beliefs while China and India had similar farming techniques and religions. The location of these societies differentiated each from one another but societies that were fairly closer to one another shared similar customs.

  35. Differences in societies are caused by its distance from one another. India and China are near each other so it caused better trade and similar governments as well as mesoamerica and South America.

  36. The biggest factor would be landscape and geography. The Han and Shanghai Dynasties had a flat landscape and developed accordingly. Invasions were common due to the easily accessible territory. The Aztecs, Toltecs, and even the Assyrians developed around a mountainous landscape. This allowed for further development without fear of invasion. These empires are usually the most advanced in terms of technology and government becomes centralized. Agricultural improvements develop the civilization, since time allows.

  37. Factors between the differences in Mesoamerican and South American societies and Indian and China societies are their governments. They had different laws regarding expansion and trade. Examples of this are the silk road which was a large trade route in India and China compared to the smaller trade routes the Mesoamericans had. Other factors include location geographically, their resources, and climate.

    • I didn’t think of the ways that they were economically. The Silk Road was quite different than the trading routes the Mesoamerican peoples had.

  38. The main difference between the four societies would be the location and geographical differences. India, China, Mesoamerica and South America all had similar polytheistic religions involving sacrifices in all forms. Another difference between the civilizations would be the way that the civilizations were ruled. They all had emperors but they didn’t all rule in the same manner. Some areas, like modern day Mexico which was ruled by the Aztec, had local rule unlike other societies.

  39. The location was the main difference between the societies. The location decided the trade, and crops. It also impacted religion because they were all around the world so they all had different beliefs. Their religion could not spread to every society because how far spread out everything was. Also the location was a way of defense. If you had mountains then that would also protect you from enemies

  40. I think the main and most impactful difference and between the societies was the location. It effected their trade and what they grew on the land. They weren’t able to reach other people to trade with. Also, crops can only grow in certain parts of the world, which effected their agriculture. Also, another part of the location, is the landscape. Mountains can be used as protection from invaders and Islands for the same reason. Also, in those landscapes your going to get different ways of living because of climate, animals, and crops.

  41. The differences in these societies is the location, the environment for south America, me so America, India, and China are all very different. Their location effected their trade and types of food,plants and material they can produce. With the separation of these civilizations with great distance each evolved and grew as a civilization in different ways, with religion being that there was hardly any chance for them to convert religions. There is also a difference in technology because South America did not have alot of advancements in technology like India, or china. Another difference was the trade networks within each civilization with different trade routes between India, china, and South America, Mesoamerica.

  42. I agree. The location of these civilizations were certainly impacted by the geography of which they resided. From the available crops to the weather, their cultures thrived based on their locations.

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