Congress Project

On September 18, 2018, in Assignments, by lwaddell

The instructions for the project are below.  You will need to find a committee that interests you such as education, veteran’s affairs or the budget.  You will use this committee to answer several  questions.  Your final product will be in paper form.    Email your final product to  The Congress project is due on September 21 by the end of class.

Congress Project

Congress Rubric

List of Congress Committees

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Congress Readings

On September 11, 2018, in Assignments, Readings, by lwaddell

For the readings below answer the questions and email your responses to Mr. Waddell by September 14.

The Federalist Papers 53, 56, 57, 58, 62, 63

1. How do the authors of The Federalist explain the different terms of office for the House and the Senate?

2. According to the theory of The Federalist,  how does the Constitution bring about a system of checks and balances between the House and the Senate?

3. What are the primary functions of the legislature to be according to The Federalist?

Congress: The Electoral Connection

 1. Define and give an example of advertising.

2. Define and give examples of credit claiming.

3. Define and give examples of position-taking.

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Current Event-Congress

On September 6, 2018, in Assignments, by lwaddell

The current event today will be Congress.  You will be completing two current events, one for the House of Representatives and one for the Senate.  Both current events are due at the end of the class session.  They may be handwritten or typed.

Current Event Form

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Exam #1 Review Podcast

On September 1, 2018, in Assignments, by lwaddell

This podcast cover the first exam.  This podcast covers the  following but not limited to Madisonian Model, Amending the Constitution, Checks and Balances, Supremacy Clause, Elites, Pluralism, Hyperpluralism, Mandates, Block Grants, Federalism and  Separation of Powers.

Exam #1 Review-Podcast

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Federalism Lecture Notes

On August 31, 2018, in Information, by lwaddell

Here are the notes from the Federalism lecture.

Federalism Lecture Notes (pdf)

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Federalism Reading Questions

On August 30, 2018, in Uncategorized, by lwaddell

Answer the following questions and turn in at the end of the period.

The Merits of the Federal System

1. Bryce points out that none of these political mechanisms would be successful without moral and material influences: the love of self-government and a “sense of community in blood, in language, in habits and ideas, a common pride in the national history and the national flag.” Is he right? Are these factors more important than the mechanism established under the Constitution, and are they still important? Are they still realistic assessments of the American populace?

2. Bryce notes that federalism allows local governments to experiment in legislation and administration without risking the fate of the nation as a whole. Is this kind of separation necessarily good? Does Bryce overlook many of the costs of federalism?

Gonzales v Raich

1.  Who did the Supreme Court defer to?

2.  What two clauses were cited in this case?  Explain both clauses and how the court used the clauses in their ruling.

McCulloch v Maryland

1.  What were the principal arguments used by Chief Justice Marshall to justify the extension of congressional power to include the power to incorporate a bank, even though the words “bank” and “incorporation” are nowhere to be found in the text of the Constitution?

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Federalist #51 Reading

On August 24, 2018, in Assignments, Readings, by lwaddell

Another document that we must read and understand is Federalist #51.  The document is included here along with a set of reading questions to help you understand the document.

Federalist #51

  1. What is the purpose of separating the powers of government?
  2. What is essential for the “preservation of liberty” and how should this “be so constituted”?
  3. Why should the departments not be dependent on each other to act?
  4. Explain this statement in the context of Madison’s argument: “If men were angels, no government would be necessary”.
  5. In a republican government which branch is the strongest?
  6. Identify three ways of “remedying this inconveniency”.
  7. List the two ways the federal system of the U.S. “places that system in a very interesting point of view”.
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Brutus #1 Reading

On August 23, 2018, in Assignments, by lwaddell

Here is Brutus #1.  This is a reply of the Anti-Federalists to the Federalists and the Federalist Papers.  Brutus #1 is in response to Federalist #10.  Please read Brutus #1 and answer the questions below.

Brutus #1

Questions to Consider

  1. Which form of government (a large national republic or a confederation of small republics) is more likely to preserve and protect personal liberties and why?
  2. Can a larger republic, based on the principle of consent of the governed, sufficiently protect the rights and liberties of the individual states and people, or is a confederation the only method of securing such liberty?
  3. Should the federal legislature be able to repeal state laws in order to impose federal laws for the purpose of promoting the general welfare or common defense of the nation? If so, why? If not, why?
  4. Brutus argues that in a republic, “the manners, sentiments, and interests of the people should be similar…if not, there will be a constant clashing of opinions and the representatives of one part will be constantly striving against the other.” Should a republic be made up of a small group of like-minded people? Or, is diversity of opinion beneficial to the success of a federal government?
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Articles of Confederation

On August 20, 2018, in Assignments, by lwaddell

The Articles of Confederation was the form of government that was used during and after the Revolutionary War.  Below you will find the Articles of Confederation and an assignment.  Please read the articles and complete the assignment.

Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation Assignment

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Federalist #10 Reading

On August 10, 2018, in Assignments, by lwaddell

There are several documents to know, and Federalist #10 is one of them.  Madison discusses factions and how to deal with them.  You will find Federalist #10 and a series of questions to help you understand the document.  These questions are due at the beginning of the next class period.

Federalist #10

Federalist #10 Guided Questions

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