Congress Lecture Notes

On August 31, 2020, in Information, by lwaddell

Here are the congress lecture notes. These notes should be read for the information here may be used in a quiz, test, or exam.


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Discussion Post #2

On August 31, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell

Discussion Post #2 is now open. Be sure to read the rubric on how points are earned. 

Discussion Post #2

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Congress Readings

On August 31, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell

For the readings below answer the questions and email your responses to

The Federalist Papers 53, 56, 57, 58, 62, 63

1. How do the authors of The Federalist explain the different terms of office for the House and the Senate?

2. According to the theory of The Federalist,  how does the Constitution bring about a system of checks and balances between the House and the Senate?

3. What are the primary functions of the legislature to be according to The Federalist?

Congress: The Electoral Connection

 1. Define and give an example of advertising.

2. Define and give examples of credit claiming.

3. Define and give examples of position-taking.

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Congress Chapter Reading

On August 31, 2020, in Information, by lwaddell

Here is the chapter for Congress

Ch 11 Reading

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Acceptance Speech Activity

On August 28, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell

This assignment is extra credit and will be due the next class period in which it was assigned.

Please read the acceptance speeches from Joe Biden and Donald Trump. Answer the following questions in complete sentences using specific examples from the speeches.

How would describe the tone of the speeches? Did the speeches mention the other candidate? Did they attack the other candidate or were they cordial? What is theme of each speech? In other words, what do the candidates want to do for the next four years? Please give examples of at least three details that the candidates want to do in the next four years? How do they differ from each other, the details?

This assignment may be either emailed or shared to

Joe Biden Speech
Donald Trump Speech

The speeches were listed in alphabetical order, there was no motive behind it.

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US v Lopez Assignment

On August 26, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell

United States v Lopez is the last court case to deal with Federalism. This one looks at the Commerce Clause. I have included a link to the case, a link for the Commerce Clause and a sheet on how to brief a court case. Your assignment is to create a brief for this case. This assignment will be due at the beginning of the next scheduled class meeting.

United States v Lopez

Commerce Clause-explained

How to Brief a Court Case

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Federalism Lecture Notes

On August 26, 2020, in Information, by lwaddell

Here are two sets of lecture notes. Please review both sets.

Federalism Lecture Notes (pdf)
Federalism Lecture Notes 2020 (pdf)

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Federalism Reading

On August 25, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell

Please read the following article and answer the questions. Please email them by the end of the period.

The Merits of the Federal System

1. Bryce points out that none of these political mechanisms would be successful without moral and material influences: the love of self-government and a “sense of community in blood, in language, in habits and ideas, a common pride in the national history and the national flag.” Is he right? Are these factors more important than the mechanism established under the Constitution, and are they still important? Are they still realistic assessments of the American populace?

2. Bryce notes that federalism allows local governments to experiment in legislation and administration without risking the fate of the nation as a whole. Is this kind of separation necessarily good? Does Bryce overlook many of the costs of federalism?

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McCulloch v Maryland

On August 25, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell
  1. The exercise below gives you a list of Congressional actions. Using the argument in McCulloch v. Maryland determine whether or not the Congressional action below is an implied power of Congress. Your answer must incorporate rationale from the case and Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution.
    1. Congress sets a federal minimum wage.
    2. Congress establishes the United States Air Force.
    3. Congress establishes national parks.
    4. Congress creates federal laws against pollution.
    5. Congress makes laws regarding discrimination in employment.
    6. Congress decides that televisions should have V-chips that enable parents to block certain shows.
    7. Congress passes the Gun-Free School Zones Act prohibiting anyone from possessing a firearm in a school zone.

McCulloch v. Maryland Syllabus from
McCulloch v. Maryland Case Brief from

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Ch. 3 – Federalism

On August 21, 2020, in Assignments, by lwaddell

Here is the reading and a study guide for chapter 3. This chapter looks at federalism and how the state and national governments interact.

Ch 3 Reading
Ch 3 Study Guide

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