A History of the World in Six Glasses

Here are the next two chapters for Six Glasses.  The questions are due Jan 18 at the beginning of class.

Chapter 5: High Spirits, High Seas

Note: This chapter begins with events in the postclassical era (the Arab caliphates) and continues through to the
Early Modern Era of European exploration, and to “Modern Era” events such as the American Revolution.

  1. How did ancient Arab achievements led to European exploration?
  2. What led to Prince Henry the Navigator’s becoming the mastermind of European exploration?
  3. Explain the early cultivation of sugar and why it became important during this time period—what is the connection between spirits, sugar and slaves?
  4. Explain how Africans became enslaved by Europeans.
  5. Explain how rum played a role in Europe gaining world power. This should be a longer summary response 
of 1-2 paragraphs, covering the material of the entire chapter.

Chapter 6: The Drinks that built America

  1. Explain why England wanted land in the Americas, and why rum played a role in the American Revolution.
  2. Why did whiskey replace rum as the American drink?
  3. What were the causes and effects of the Whiskey Rebellion?
  4. What role did spirits play in the treatment of Native Americans?

Africa and Atlantic Slave Trade Readings

Here are three readings for Chapter 20. Please answer the questions that go with each reading. This assignment will be due at the beginning of the next class period.

Appeal to the King of Portugal
What exactly is the complaint of the King of Kongo? What seems to be the impact of Portuguese traders (factors) in the Congo? What does King Affonso want the King of Portugal to do?

Slave Trader
What were the ways Bosman received slaves?  Which method does he prefer?  What are the comparisons of Dutch ships and those of other Europeans?

Enslaved Captive
How was slavery in Africa different from slavery in America?  What were the worst aspects of the Atlantic slave trades according to the author?  Why does Equiano address his audience as “nominal Christians”?